There are 104.3 million Scheduled Tribes, also called tribal or Adivasi, who are the indigenous peoples of India, constituting 8.6% of the country’s total population. In the largest democracy which India is, the Scheduled Tribes have been provided specific protective provisions in the Constitution, such as the Fifth and Sixth Schedules that provided them a certain level of autonomy. There are also laws to criminalize caste-based atrocities and protect their rights to land, forest and community resources. Yet, they have faced criminalization and violence with impunity.
“Situation of the Indigenous Peoples in India – Annual Report 2022” details the main human rights situation of the indigenous peoples/Scheduled Tribes of India during the year 2022. This is the only situational report for the year available in India.
The report can be accessed at “Situation of the Indigenous Peoples in India 2022“