we defend & empower indigenous peoples rights

What We Do

— Research

We carry out research on current and ongoing challenges pertaining to Indigenous Peoples’ rights and well-being.  IRAC seeks to collaborate with relevant international organizations, academic institutions and indigenous and other civil society organizations to encourage interdisciplinary approaches to current issues in Indigenous Peoples’ studies.

— Advocacy

IRAC engages in coordinated  and strategic advocacy actions to promote meaningful reforms by state and non-state actors to improve protections for indigenous people’s rights. It supports Indigenous Peoples rights in India and in the South Asian region by strengthening local indigenous rights movements to bring awareness and international pressure to their struggles while enhancing Indigenous communities’ capacity to demand and assert their rights outlined in the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. 

— Interventions

We make timely and effective interventions on rights violations of the indigenous peoples in India. The interventions are both at the legal and policy level.

— Capacity Building

We impart and facilitate training and capacity building programs  for students, youths, individuals and organisations within the indigenous  communities in India to build skills and tools to protect against rights violations. 
The  objectives of these programs are to improve the situation of indigenous peoples in the country through capacity building and awareness raising on indigenous peoples’ rights and issues.

— Legal Support

We provide free legal support and representation to victims of rights violations, specially to IP Human Rights Defenders and WHRDs. We  run a free LEGAL HELPLINE manned by volunteers with access to legal aid and advice from an experienced legal Team.

We also provide legal support to community actions on rights violattons.

— Collaboration & Solidarity

IRAC believes in collaborative alliances and actions in particular those working with and supporting human rights defenders, especially indigenous land and forest defenders and local communities.

IRAC collaborates and works together with like minded organisations working for indigenous peoples rights in the region and globally; and for the protection, promotion and defence  of human rights and fundamental freedoms   across the world.

issues we care for

land rights

Secure access to lands, territories and natural resources is fundamental to indigenous peoples’ survival and  self-driven development. The rights over their natural resources are central to the identity of indigenous peoples. Deprivation and denial, therefore, of these rights leads to the marginalization and displacement of indigenous communities.

emviron justice

The climate and environmental justice movements needs to be inclusive of the indigenous peoples and communities. Often indigenous people’s voices are sidelined and marginalized in the global environmental justice debate.  Indigenous people have critically important knowledge systems and practices and can meaningfully contribute to the environmental justice movements. Their claims and voices must be heard and respected.


The democratic space for indigenous peoples has been under enormous pressure for a long time throughout the world, especially the global south. IPHRDs have borne the brunt of land rights induced conflicts. Incidents of criminalization and impunity for these rights violations against indigenous peoples have increased during the Covid-19 pandemic. Land conflicts, forced evictions, repression under forest laws,  killings and further criminalisation of IPHRD are set to increase.

womens rights

Violence against indigenous women and girls is rooted in racism, marginalization and poverty including in the political, social, economic and cultural spheres. Indigenous women in India overcome multiple obstacles. Sexual violence, trafficking, discriminatory customary laws/practices, branding as a witch, militarisation or state violence and the impact of development-induced displacement, etc. remain major issues.


The indigenous peoples claims for legal protection of their folklore, arts, knowledge systems, songs, practices etc, and other traditional cultural expressions against misappropriation  needs to be legally recognized.  Specific research on these themes and advocacy actions based on best practices and research findings are needed  in the Indian context. Strategic use of the IPR system can offer tools to protect, promote and prevent misappropriation.

cross border areas

Cross border regions predominantly inhabited by indigenous peoples, specifically in Eastern India, are hotbed of conflicts and militarization on either side of the borders.  Forced displacements of vulnerable indigenous peoples from Myanmar (due to the political instability) into the states of Mizoram, and Manipur and the fear of refoulement by India , throw critical questions  on rights violations of the displaced IPs. Internal displacement of indigenous communities in/within north-east India continues to be an issue of concern.